Breathing can be difficult when someone has asthma, a chronic respiratory condition that can affect the airways and cause tightness and inflammation. The disease is prevalent across the globe, affecting individuals of all ages; however, it is most often diagnosed in the early years of childhood. It is treatable by a medical professional and lifestyle changes.
The airways are inflamed, or the tubes transporting air to and from the lungs are the primary asthma sign. The airways are more sensitive to triggers, including allergens (pollen dust, mites, pet dust), respiratory illnesses, cold air, smoke, and strong smells. In the event of an attack, the airways narrow, which can cause asthma symptoms such as wheezing (a high-pitched whistling sound when breathing), shortness, coughing, and chest tightness.
The severity of asthma varies depending on the individual. Certain people may experience mild asthma symptoms, but others might experience frequent and intense attacks. These attacks, called asthma exacerbations, could be life-threatening if they are not treated promptly. Chronically uncontrolled asthma may cause irreparable damage to airways, deterioration of lung function, and lower quality of life.
The diagnosis is based on a medical history, physical examination, lung function tests, and occasionally allergy testing. The primary goals of treating asthma are maintaining normal lung function, stopping aggravations, and attaining adequate control of symptoms. An array of medications and lifestyle modifications usually achieves this.
Two major medications are employed in asthma treatment: quick-relief medicines (bronchodilators) and long-term medications for control (anti-inflammatory drugs). Asthma can be controlled with homeopathic medicines that don’t cause negative side consequences. These medications are ideal when compared to the allopathic options for treatment.
Alongside medications, people with asthma are advised to look for and avoid triggers that can aggravate their symptoms. This could mean making sure that their environment is free of allergens, quitting smoking, and taking a healthier approach to life.
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