Peridontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease.When more plaque/tartar gets accumulated inside gums,it will be swalloen and reddish.Then leads to gingivitis,the early stage of gum disease. Untreated gingivitis cases ends up in periodontitis.
In periodontitis,the gums will become weak, as there is more debris around them.Once the gums get weakend,there will be space between gums and teeth,we call this gap as POCKETS. We dentist usually measure the pockets as 1-3 mm,3-5,5-7mm and 7-10 mm using periodontal probe(instrument used to measure periodontal pocket).
In case of 1-3 mm and 3-5 mm,there will be recession (lowering of gums from normal level) and mild bone loss. In case of 5-7 mm there will be mobility in tooth (shaking of tooth) ,but the mobility is mild.But in 7-10mm pocket cases the mobility will be high, due to more bone loss.
CAUSES OF PERIODONTITIS
1.Poor oral hygiene
2. Improper brushing/flossing technique
3.Injurious habits ( smoking/pan chewing/tobacco)
5.Pregnancy ( not in all cases)
6.Intake of medications ( seizures tablets/immuno suppressants/ blood pressure tablets)
7.Lack of vitamins ( vitamin c)
PREVENTION OF PERIODONTITIS
- Follow brushing brushing techniques.For proper brushing techniques click here.
- Reduce injurious habits
- Have controlled diabetes
- Visits dentist every 3 months once
TREATMENT FOR PERIODONTITIS
1.LASER gum treatment
2.Removal of mobile teeth and proper replacement
3.Bone grafting technique
Dr.VIVEK’S MSRAM’S DENTISTRY AND IMPLANT CENTER.
Vallalar Illam NO 68,
Chennai – 600064.
Landmark : Near Gangai amman koil
E-MAIL ID :firstname.lastname@example.org
website : http://www.drvivekpandian.com